10 Years Bibliography
Ashot Chilingarian’s short scientific biography
Prof. Ashot Chilingarian was the director of A.Alikhanyan National laboratory (Yerevan Physics Institute, YerPhI) from 2008 to 2018.
Dr. Chilingarian earned his Ph.D. in 1984 and Doctorate of Science in Physics and Mathematics in 1991 from YerPhI. From 1971 to 1993 he was a scientist, senior scientist and data analysis group leader at the Yerevan Physics Institute. In 1993 Ashot Chilingarian became the deputy director of Yerevan Physics Institute, as well as head of the Cosmic Ray Division, in 2008 – director of the Yerevan Physics Institute.
His expertise is in the sphere of high-energy astroparticle physics, high-energy phenomena in the atmosphere, particle detector instrumentation and advanced statistical computation. His current interests include the galactic and solar cosmic ray origin and acceleration, atmospheric electricity and lightning phenomena, detection of secondary cosmic ray fluxes at the Earth’s surface, space weather and space climate.
In 80-ths A.Chilingarian developed methodology for multivariate data analysis for high-energy physics and astrophysics experiments. He is the author of the ANI (Analysis and Nonparametric Inference) computer code library, which has been extensively used during the last few decades for multidimensional analysis of data from modern cosmic ray detectors. He introduced the "multidimensional nonlinear cuts" method for analyzing data from the Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescopes (ACT); these techniques help to reliably proof existence of the flux of very high- energy gamma rays from the Crab nebula measured by the Whipple Cherenkov telescope thus establishing the new window to the Universe. The methodology of the event-by-event analysis of the Extensive Air Shower experiments, introduced by him allows the estimation of the energy spectra of the separate groups of primary nucleolus (only the all-particle spectrum was prior to that); the partial spectra of primary cosmic rays measured by MAKET-ANI and KASCADE detectors prove the mass-dependent position of the knee and helps to develop particle acceleration models in Supernovae explosions now confirmed by gamma ray observatories on board of AGILE and FERMI satellites. A.Chilingarian introduce a new probability distribution for calculation of chance probability for the “peak” detection in searches of “new physics”. Using his criteria instead of “Gaussian” chance probabilities will help to avoid fake inference usually occurred when dealing with small statistics and applying multiple cuts.
The main scientific results of A.Chilingarian are as follows:
- Discovery of the features of Galactic Cosmic Ray spectra such as: the very sharp change of the power spectral index (~1) for the light nucleus group at 2-4 PeV and no pronounced change in the heavy nucleus group (at least for energies 20-30 PeV). Discovery of the charge depends “knee” in the energy spectra pointing to the shock acceleration initiated by the supernova blasts as a most probable mechanism of particle acceleration.
- Discovery of energetic protons (with energies greater than 20 GeV) accelerated in the vicinity of the Sun on 20 January 2005 during Ground Level Enhancement (GLE) event N 69.
- Discovery of simultaneous fluxes of electrons, gamma rays and neutrons measured at mountain altitudes, proving the existence of the new high-energy phenomenon (so called Thunderstorm Ground Enhancements - TGEs) in the thunderstorm atmospheres.
- Discovery of the “Cloud extensive showers - CESs” – extended showers initiated in thunderclouds by the electrons accelerated in cloud electrical fields – first direct evidence of the Relativistic Runaway electron Avalanches (RREA) in the terrestrial atmosphere;
- Development of the Aragats Space Environmental center (ASEC) and Armenian geophysics measurements network. Both are equipped with various particle detectors, field meters and meteorological stations for monitoring of ionization radiation, disturbances of geomagnetic and electric field and lightnings.
- Founding of the worldwide network of new particle detectors for researches in space weather and solar physics, named SEVAN (Space Environment Viewing and Analysis Network). Nodes of the SEVAN network are now operating in Armenia, India, Bulgaria, Croatia and Slovakia;
- Observations of numerous TGEs and their energy spectra on Aragats as well as detection on the millisecond time scales particle fluxes, lightning flashes and disturbances of the electrostatic field allows that lead to mechanism of lightning initiation (RB/TGE process).
Prof. Chilingarian has been lecturing at YSU near 40 years. He delivers courses on Neural Networks, Data Analysis, Introduction to High Energy Astrophysics, Models of Stochastic processes in Cosmic Ray Physics at the Applied Mathematics and Physics departments. Recently he established master courses in Experimental Physics at the Yerevan Physics Institute. He is also professor in the National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute). He delivered lectures on High-Energy physics in atmosphere. He was the supervisor of numerous undergraduate and graduate students’ theses. 10 PhD theses have been completed under his supervision.
Prof. Chilingarian wins more than 20 Armenian and international research grants. The latest one is the Russian Science Foundation grant № 17-12-01439, „Comprehensive research of high-energy particles sources and powerful VHF radiation in electrically active atmosphere based on ground-based measurements and satellite observations, period 2017-2019“.
Outside his field, Prof. Chilingarian has been interested in applying his data analysis methods to pattern recognition and genome analysis. In 2000-2001 he collaborates with Huntsman cancer institute in Utah, USA to develop multivariate methods of DNA micro-array data treating based on quantification of different types of gene expression in normal and tumor-affected tissues. The work culminated in a patent application by Utah University.
Prof. Chilingarian has authored ~350 scientific publications and served on many international scientific and editorial boards. He has been chairperson of several international conferences and given numerous presentations in the fields of high energy and cosmic ray physics and high-energy phenomena in the atmosphere.
Currently he is Armenia’s representative to the International Space Weather Initiative. He is the founder and spokesperson for the ANI and ASEC collaborations, and fellow of the American Physical Society, associate editor of the Space Weather and Space Climate (SWSC) and Advances in High Energy Physics journals.
Prof. Chilingarian wins World Summit on Information Society award (2003, Geneva) and Armenian President award in Physics (2013)