Papers with references to CRD 2020


Authors: J. Chum1*, R. Langer 2,4, J. Base1, M. Kollarik2, I. Strharsky2, G. Diendorfer3 and J. Rusz1

Abstract: High electric fields that occur in thunderstorm clouds in the Earth's atmosphere might accelerate energetic charged particles produced by cosnic rays...

Authors: Sanjay Kumar1Devendraa Siingh2R. P. Singh1A. K. Singh1A. K. Kamra2

Abstract: The entirety of the Earth’s climate system is continuously bombarded by cosmic rays and exhibits about 2000 thunderstorms active at any time of the day all over the globe. Any linkage among these vast systems should have global consequences. Numerous studies done in the past deal with partial links between some selected aspects of this grand...

Authors: A. Shepetova , V. Antonovab , O. Kalikulovc , O. Kryakunovab , A Karashtind , V. Lutsenkob , S. Maminaa , K. Mukashevc , V. Piscala , M. Ptitsyna , V. Ryabova , N. Saduevc , T. Sadykove , N. Salikhovb , Yu. Shlyugaevf , L. Vil’danovaa , V. Zhukova

Abstract: We report the observation results of the hard radiation flashes which accompanied the lightning discharges above the mountains of Northern Tien Shan. Time series of the counting rate intensity, numerical estimations of absolute flux, and energy distribution of accelerated electrons and of (20–2000) keV gamma rays were obtained at the height of 3700 m a. s. l., immediately within thunderclouds, and in closest vicinity (.100 m) to discharge region. Two different kinds of radiation emission events are presented here: a relatively prolonged rise of gamma ray intensity with minute-scale duration (the thunderstorm ground enhancement, TGE) which has preceded a negative field variation, and a short sub-millisecond radiation burst, which accompanied a close lightning discharge in thundercloud...

Authors:  Ammar Alammari1,2, Ammar Ahmed Alkahtani1, Member, IEEE, Mohd Riduan Ahmad, Fuad M. Noman1, Member, IEEE, Mona Riza Mohd Esa3, Zen Kawasaki 4 and Sieh Kiong Tiong1

Abstract: Despite the significant progress in the underestanding of the phenomenon of lightning and the physics behind it, locating and mapping its occurence remain a challange. Such localization and mapping of very high frequency (VHF) lightning radiation sources provide a foundation for the subsequent research on predicting lightning, saving lives, and protecting valuable assets...