TEPA 2023 Circular
THUNDERSTORMS AND ELEMENTARY PARTICLE ACCELERATION
TIME: October 2-5, 2023
LOCATION: Prague, Czech Republic
Cosmic Ray Division of Yerevan Physics Institute, Armenia
Research Centre of Cosmic Rays and Radiation Events in Atmosphere (CRREAT),
Nuclear Physics Institute of the CAS, Czechia
INTERNATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE:
Ashot Chilingarian, Yerevan Physics Institute, Armenia (Chair)
Ondrej Ploc, CRREAT head, Nuclear Physics Institute of the CAS,
Eric Benton, Oklahoma University, USA
Joseph Dwyer, Department of Physics University of New Hampshire, USA
Gerald Fishman, NASA-Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA
Hartmut Gemmeke, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
Johannes Knapp, DESY Zeuthen, Germany
Jean Lilensten, Institut de Planétologie et d'Astrophysique de Grenoble, France
Bagrat Mailyan, Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, FL, USA.
Yasushi Muraki, STE Laboratory, Nagoya University, Japan
Vladimir Rakov, University of Florida, USA
David Smith, University of California, Santa Cruz
Marco Tavani, INAF and University of Rome "Tor Vergata", Italy
Tatsuo Torii, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tsuruga, Japan
Harufumi Tsuchiya, Cosmic Radiation Laboratory, Riken, Japan.
Figure 1. Strong atmospheric fields originate both lightning flashes and TGEs. The modulation of the cosmic ray fluxes by electric fields allows the recovery of the structure of charge distribution in the thunderclouds.
High-energy physics in the atmosphere (HEPA) has undergone an intense reformation in the last decade. Correlated measurements of particle fluxes modulated by strong atmospheric electric fields, simultaneous measurements of the disturbances of the near-surface electric fields and lightning location, and registration of various meteorological parameters on the Earth have led to a better understanding of the complex processes in the terrestrial atmosphere. The cooperation of cosmic rays and atmospheric physics has led to the development of models for the origin of particle bursts recorded on the Earth’s surface, estimation of vertical and horizontal profiles of electric fields in the lower atmosphere, recovery of electron and gamma ray energy spectra, the muon deceleration effect, etc. Visualization and statistical analysis of particle data from hundreds of measurement channels disclosed the structure and strength of the atmospheric electric fields and explained observed particle bursts. More and more groups worldwide are monitoring particle fluxes around the clock using synchronized networks of advanced sensors that record and store multidimensional data.
Various particle accelerators operate in the cosmic plasma, filling the galaxy with high-energy particles. Reaching the Earth’s atmosphere, these particles cause extensive air showers (EASs) consisting of millions of elementary particles (secondary cosmic rays), covering several km2 on the ground. During thunderstorms, strong electric fields modulate the energy spectra of secondary particles and cause short and long particle bursts. Large amplifications of particle fluxes (the so-called thunderstorm ground enhancements (TGEs) manifest themselves as prominent peaks in the time series of count rates of particle detectors, coinciding with a strong atmospheric electric field accelerating and multiplying the free electrons of cosmic rays. Free electrons, abundant at any altitude in the atmosphere from the small to large EASs, serve as seeds for atmospheric electron accelerators, an analog of “electron guns” in artificial accelerators. EAS cores randomly hitting arrays of particle detectors generate short bursts of relativistic particles with a duration of fewer than 1 μs. Violent solar bursts fill the interplanetary space with immense magnetized plasma structures, moving up to 3000 km/s (the so-called interplanetary coronal mass ejection (ICME)) and perturbing the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) and the magnetosphere. These disturbances could lead to major geomagnetic storms damaging multi-billion-dollar assets in space and on Earth. Monitoring the high-energy particles can provide highly cost-effective information also for predicting geomagnetic storms. For fundamental research in solar physics, solar–terrestrial relations, and space weather, as well as for forecasting the dangerous consequences of space storms, networks of particle detectors located in different geographical coordinates and measuring various types of secondary cosmic rays are of vital importance. Geophysical research is becoming increasingly important in the coming decades when natural disasters are rising. Solar, astrophysical, and atmospheric physics are synergistically linked and must be integrated to reveal the consequences of violent solar flares and extreme atmospheric electric fields. The synergy of high-energy space and atmospheric physics will open up new research areas for a better understanding and development of geospace physics. The new view of thunderclouds as media full of radiation can help to establish a comprehensive theory of cloud electrification and estimate the possible role of cloud radiation on climate change. The influence of the electrifying atmosphere on the fluxes of electrons and other charged particles can be significant for experiments registering very-high-energy photons (Atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes) or electrons and hadrons (Surface arrays registering Extensive Air Showers). The TEPA meeting provides an opportunity for scientists to discuss the current ideas and exploit synergies between Atmospheric and Cosmic ray physics.
STRUCTURE OF THE SYMPOSIUM:
We anticipate the following sessions:
- Multivariate observations of particles from the Earth’s surface, in the atmosphere,
We also plan discussions on the most intriguing problems of high-energy physics in the atmosphere and possible directions for advancing collaborative studies.
Topics to be covered during oral and poster sessions:
- Energy spectra of electrons and gamma rays measured on the earth’s surface, in the atmosphere, and space;
- Possible links of the Solar activity and space weather to high-energy physics processes in the atmosphere;
- Monitoring of lightning flashes by fast cameras;
- Radionuclide, neutron, and positron production during thunderstorms;
- SEVAN particle detector network as a tool for the TGE research;
- Methods of remote sensing of thundercloud charge structure and atmospheric electric fields;
- Abrupt termination of the particle flux by the lightning flash;
- Precise electronics for high-energy atmospheric research;
- Relations to the climate and space weather issues;
- Influence of the atmospheric electric fields on Extensive Air Shower (EAS) and Cherenkov light.
- The possibility of joint observations by space-borne and ground-based facilities.
Abstracts should be submitted electronically on the Symposium website. The deadline for abstract submission is on August 15th, 2023
Registration to TEPA 2023 should be done online via the Symposium website. We will provide participants with their accounts on the Symposium website. These accounts will serve for the submission of abstracts and papers for Symposium proceedings and for providing information about accompanying persons.
- Regular Attendees 200 EUR
- Undergraduate and Graduate Students 80 EUR
The conference venue and accommodation options will be decided very soon.
- 15 August 2023 Abstract submission deadline
- 15 September 2023 Contributed presentations selected and participants notified
- 28 September 2023 Symposium program at the Conference site
TEPA 2023 Secretary
Phone: +374 93721159