Papers with references to CRD 2019



1. A global atmospheric electricity monitoring network for climate and geophysical research

Authors: K.A. Nicoll1,2, R.G. Harrison1, V. Barta3, J.Bor3, R. Brugge1, A. Chillingarian4, J. Chum5, A. K.Georgoulias6, A. Guha7, K. Kourtidis6 , M. Kubicki8, E. Mareev9, J. Matthews10, H. Mkrtchyan4, A. Odzimek8, J.-P. Raulin11, D. Robert12, H. G. Silva13, J. Tacza11, Y. Yair14, R. Yaniv15,16

Abstract:The Global atmospheric Electric Circuit (GEC) is a fundamental coupling network of the climate system connecting electrically disturbed weather regions with fair weather regions across the planet. The GEC sustains the fair weather electric field (or potential gradient, PG) which is present globally and can be measured routinely at the surface using durable instrumentation such as modern electric field mills, which are now widely deployed internationally. In contrast to lightning or magnetic fields, fair weather PG cannot be measured remotely...

Authors: Yuval Reuvenia,a,b,c,, Yoav Yairc, Colin Priced, Gideon Steinitze
 
Abstract: We report coincidences of ground-level gamma-ray enhancements with precipitation events and strong electric fields typical of thunderstorms, measured at the Emilio Segre Cosmic Ray observatory located on the western slopes of Mt. Hermon in northern Israel. The observatory hosts 2 ×2″ Nal(TI) gamma ray scintillation detectors alongside a vertical atmospheric electric field (Ez) mill and conduction current (Jz) plates...

Authors: Rutjes, Casper

Abstract: This work was funded by the Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM)s with FOM-project number 12PR3041. The research was conducted at Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI). CWI is the national research institute for mathematics and computer science in the Netherlands. CWI is part of NWOI, the Institutes Organisation of NWO... 

Authors: S. Cecchini1 and M. Spurio1,2

Abstract: We present a review of atmospheric muon flux and energy spectrum measurements over almost six decades of muon momentum. Sea level and underground/water/ice experiments are considered. Possible sources of systematic errors in the measurements are examined. The characteristics of underground/water muons (muons in bundle, lateral distribution, energy spectrum) are discussed. The connection between the atmospheric muon and neutrino measurements are also reported...

Authors: E. V. Bugaev, 1 A. Misaki, 2 V. A. Naumov, 3,4 T. S. Sinegovskaya, 3 S. I. Sinegovsky, 3 and N. Takahashi5

Abstract:The vertical sea-level muon spectrum at energies above 1 GeV and the muon intensities at depths up to 18 km w.e. in different rocks and in water are calculated. The results are particularly collated with a great body of the ground-level, underground, and underwater muon data. In the hadron-cascade calculations, we take into account the logarithmic growth with energy of inelastic cross sections and pion, kaon, and nucleon generation in pion-nucleus collisions. For evaluating the prompt muon contribution to the muon flux, we apply the two phenomenological approaches to the charm production problem: the recombination quark-parton model and the quark-gluon string model...

Authors:Kevin Jourde1, DominiqueGibert2,3, Jacques Marteau4, Jean de Bremond d’Ars2, SergeGardien4, ClaudeGirerd4 & Jean-Christophe Ianigro4


Abstract: Usage of secondary cosmic muons to image the geological structures density distribution signifcantly developed during the past ten years. Recent applications demonstrate the method interest to monitor magma ascent and volcanic gas movements inside volcanoes. Muon radiography could be used to monitor density variations in aquifers and the critical zone in the near surface. However, the time resolution achievable by muon radiography monitoring remains poorly studied. It is biased by fuctuation sources exterior to the target, and statistically afected by the limited number of particles detected during the experiment...

Authors: Chung Yau Elton Ho

Abstract: We measured the zenith angle θ distribution of cosmic ray muons at ground level using NaI detectors and plastic scintillators, and our data is consistent with the cos2 θ distribution obtained from theory and other experiments. We also discussed the pros and cons of using NaI detectors and plastic scintillators.